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Chromo2 mtNA Icon mtDNA - Motherline

mtDNA

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mtDNA Woman
Motherline Tree Diagram

Only women can pass on mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA, and a motherline can carry the story of an extraordinary, epic journey across millennia, across continents. Men inherit mtDNA from their mothers but it dies with them.

Even in the deep past, when many fewer people inhabited our planet, it appears that mtDNA markers traced great journeys, moving vast distances over thousands of years. Your particular mtDNA may well have originated on the other side of the world. Women often left their places of birth to find marriage partners, and significant numbers seem to have been traded, either formally or informally, as slaves.

Nevertheless, women were quietly active in the transmission of the greatest revolution in world history. As they moved away from home, women passed on the techniques of farming, and the accumulation of mtDNA variants track their spread. Milking, egg collecting, cheese making, weeding, shawing, reaping, flailing and the day-in, day-out labour of farming was largely done by women workers for millennia. In Ireland this was done until the end of the 19th/beginning of 20th century. Perhaps your mtDNA type forms part of this great tradition? Wherever it came from, your mtDNA will illuminate a lineage of mothers and daughters reaching back into the darkness of the past and it will write another page of Ireland's story.

We have highlighted the motherline in the family tree to the left. Mitochondrial DNA, or mtDNA, is a piece of DNA which is inherited down this line from mother to daughter to granddaughter. Men also inherit their mtDNA from their mothers, but do not pass it on. It is inherited as one block and contains many markers which allow us to identify over one hundred different groups of related lineages and many subtypes within each group. An mtDNA test will reveal the ancient history of your motherline – some lineages are limited to one part of the world, while others have moved around much more. Note that the mtDNA does not provide information about your father's family nor any of the men who married into your motherline. This test can be taken by both women and men.


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Chromo2 mtDNA

Your motherline story from over 3,000 mitochondrial markers, along every known mtDNA branch. The resolution of your results with be higher and more comprehensive than any other chip.

€229

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The Chromo2 mtDNA test is also available in our packages, saving you money on multiple tests. See our full product range below for more information.

Please note, our typical turnaround time is 8 - 10 weeks.

Our Full Product Range

All of our different products are listed below, including packages which can save you money when buying multiple tests. Use the buttons to filter the tests to those available to males and those available to females. As our YDNA test uses markers on the Y Chromosome to reveal the fatherline, it is not available to women. For women wishing to discover their fatherline, we recommend that they get their brother to take the test for them as he will share the same maternal and paternal line results and has a Y Chromosome to test.

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Male Tests Female Tests

Chromo2 Complete - All Chromo2 Tests

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Chromo Complete - Combined

Order the Chromo2 combined mtDNA and YDNA test and All My Ancestry with our Blue Eyes and Red-Head trait tests and save €269.

€309

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Chromo Complete - mtDNA

Order both Chromo2 mtDNA and All My Ancestry with our Blue Eyes and Red-Head trait tests and save €269.

€269

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Fatherline

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Chromo2 YDNA

Your fatherline story from over 15,000 Y chromosome markers, more than any other product on the market.

€229

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Just Markers

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Chromo2 Raw YDNA

A complete list of markers found in your Y Chromosome. Your genetic information without the ancestral narrative.

€160

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Motherline

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Chromo2 mtDNA

Your motherline story from over 3,000 mitochondrial markers, along every known mtDNA branch. The resolution of your results with be higher and more comprehensive than any other chip.

€229

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Combined Tests - Fatherline and Motherline

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Chromo2 Combined - YDNA and mtDNA

Your fatherline story from over 15,000 Y chromosome markers. And your motherline from over 3,000 mitochondrial DNA markers.

€269

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All My Ancestry

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All My Ancestry

Your recent ancestral mix from over 250,000 autosomal markers.

€209

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Trait Testing Add-Ons

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Blue Eyes

Discover the genetics of your eye colour with our Chromo2 Blue Eyes test. Is your eye colour rare for the genotype you have? What is the probability that your children will have blue, green or brown eyes? Find out with the Blue Eyes test. Become part of the blue eyes story - even if you don’t have blue eyes!

This test can be ordered as an addon to a previous purchase of one of our Chromo2 DNA ancestry tests.

€65

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Chromo2 Red-Head Icon

Red-Head

Find out if you carry any of the 33 red-head variants we test for on the MC1R gene.

This test can be ordered as an addon to a previous purchase of one of our Chromo2 DNA ancestry tests.

€35

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Your Results - What you will receive

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Chromo2 Ancestry Test

View a demonstration Chromo2 result including the historical narrative and supporting materials.

Chromo2 All my Ancestry [AMA] Icon

All My Ancestry Test

View a demonstration of a chromosome painting. Discover what a global connections plot looks like and tells you.

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Blue Eyes Test

View an example of the Blue Eye results. Compare your result to the rest of the nation, discover the blue eyes story and learn the science behind your results.

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Red-Head Test

View your redhead variants plotted on the MC1R gene, their transmission probabilities and variant strength.